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REV. E. N. SAWTELL, Pattor. 






The design of this little Manual is twofold. First, to facili- 
tate acquaintance and christian intercourse among the mem- 
bers of the church, by furnishing a list of their names. Sec- 
ond, to promote and encourage the work of self-examination. 
b| bringing to their remembrance the solemn vows, which 
trl'y took upon them, and the obligations they assumed, when 
they publicly dedicated to God. 

It is important that each member be particular in setting 
down, upon the blank leaves, reserved for that purpose, the 
names of new members, as they are added to to the church, so 
as to preserve an entire list ; also note down dismissions, deaths, 
&c. In this way, each member may be in the possession of a 
schedule, that will tell him the strength and condition of his 
own church. It is also to be hoped, that, as a faithful steward, 
each member will keep a correct account of his receipts and 
returns, that he may know whether he is laying up treasure on 
earth or in heaven. If it be desirable to know how our account 
stands between us and our fellow men, of infinitely more im- 
portance is it, to know how the account stands between God 
and us. 

It will be perceived, from the number of blank pages, that 
this manual is designed for but ten years' use — from the exis- 
tence of the church in 1830, up to 1840 — then to have another 
edition published, and so on every ten years, with a continua- 
tion of the history of the church, and such other improvements 
in its plan, as time and experience may suggest. 

Should this little manual answer, in any degree, its design, 
the compiler will feel himself amply rewarded. That it may 
promote christian fellowship, and the spiritual interests of his 
dear people, is his most fervent prayer. 


1. A Sketch of the history of the Second Presbyterian 

2^ A list of its officers and private members. 

3. A Steward's account between himself and the Proprie- 

tor of the world. 

4. Form of Covenant used at the admission of members to 

the communion of the church. 

5. An address to parents on the nature of the covenant en- 

tered into at the baptism of their children. 
Questions for self-examination. 
A prayer designed for young members. 


Twelve Rules for promoting harmony among church 

11. An address on prayer. 



The fact of there being but one Presbyterian church in Lou- 
isville, a city containing 12.000 inhabitants, and its population 
rapidly increasing, was thought a sufficient reason, had there 
been no other, for justifying the motives and conduct of those 
who embarked in the enterprise of establishing a second 

After much deliberation, therefore, on the subject, and hav- 
ing committed their cause to God, and believing that the wel- 
fare of souls would be greatly promoted by such a step, the fol- 
lowing persons petitioned the session of the First Church, of 
which they were members, for a dismission, with a view of be- 
ing organized into a separate church. 

Dr. B. H. Hall, , 
Heath J. Miller, 
Wm. S. Vernon. 
Marvin D. Averill, 
Mrs. Martha Price, 
" Henrietta Wilson, 

Mrs. Sarah Cocke. 
" Rebecca G. Averill, 
" America Vernon, 
Sarah M. Barnes, 
" Mary Denwood, 

.Miss Lucy C.Hall. 

Their petition being granted, and their connection with the 
first church dissolved, a meeting was appointed at the house of 
Marvin D. Averill, on Saturday, the 17th of April, 1830, at 
which, the Rev. Daniel C. Banks, by request, presided, and 
organized them into a church to be called, THE SECOND 

A more tender and affecting scene, perhaps was seldom wit- 
nessed than at this meeting. The responsibility they had as- 
sumed; the importance and magnitude of the enterprise be- 
fore them ; the fact that so few could be found willing to en- 
gage in it ; the bare possibility of a failure, with all its fearful 
results, rushed upon the mind, and seemed almost to overwhelm 
the soul. But the Lord, who said to Paul, "my grace is suffi- 
cient for thee," was with them, and in their weakness, made 
perfect his strength ; causing each to exclaim, in the language 
of the same apostle, "When 1 am weak, then am I strong." 

After uniting their hearts in fervent supplications to God, to 
continue with them the manifestations of his love, and the gui- 
dance of his spirit, they entered into solemn covenant, that, by 
the help of God, "they would walk together in all the ordinan- 
ces of the Lord, blameless, endeavoring to keep the unity of 
the spirit in the bond of peace." 

Having no desire to withhold from the world an expression 
of their views of scriptural truth, they cordially and unani- 
mously adopted the Confession of Faith of the Presbyterian 
Church, as containing the great outlines of that system of 
truth, and that government and discipline of the church, which 
they believed to be taught in the word of God. 

Before entering upon the election of officers, they received 
four members from the Presbyterian church in Frankfort; viz: 
Dr. James J. Miles, his wife, and two daughters. 

Wm. S. Vernon and J. J. Miles were unanimously elected 
ruling elders. Application was then made for the ministerial 
labors of Rev. E. N. Sawtell, who had been preaching for 
eight months, as pastor elect in the first church ; but not having 
been installed, he yielded to the application, and entered imme- 
diately upon his duties. Having no house of worship, they oc- 
cupied a school-room on Green-street, between 4th and 5th 
Cross-streets, where he preached the first sermon, on the third 
Sabbath of April, 1830. 

A more commodious building was soon obtained on 5th 
Cross-street, where the ordinances of the gospel were statedly 
administered for more than two years ; during which time, the 
church received an accession of about one hundred members. 

On the 12th of November, Marvin D. Averill was unani- 
mously elected ruling elder ; and in the same month, a bible 
class was organized, embracing a large portion of the congre- 
gation, who attended with deep interest, and manifest improve- 

On the 10th of March, 1831, the church and congregation 
convened, for the election of a pastor. 

The Rev. E. N. Sawtell, who had, for a year, been perfor- 
ming the duties of a pastor, was unanimously elected. The 
call being made out, and prosecuted before the Louisville Pres- 
bytery at their spring sessions, and accepted, he was regularly 
installed pastor, on Saturday, 9th of April, 1831. 

On the 17th of the same month, a Sabbath school was organ- 
ized, of about 100 scholars. Both churches having been uni- 
ted in conducting a school in the first, and the fear of in- 
juring that, by drawing off too many of its officers, teachers 
and scholars, was the reason, for postponing so long, the or- 
ganization of a school in the second. 

The church was now approaching an important crisis in the 
period of her history. Though her numbers had increased, 
her borders enlarged, and her piety beginning to assume a 
more active and decided character ; yet, poverty still stared her 
in the face. Those that had been added, being principally from 

among the youth, possessed but limited means for the support 
of the gospel. 

The house had become too small for the congregation, and 
was soon to be removed. The question, therefore, What shall 
be done ? or rather, What can be done ? forced itself irresistibly 
upon every mind. 

To build, seemed impossible ; and not to build was, in effect, 
to disperse the congregation, and dissolve the church. In this 
extremity ; balancing between the absolute certainty of defeat 
on the one hand, and the almost equal uncertainty of success 
on the other ; and in a city too, where infidels swarm like the 
frogs of Egypt, ready to hold a jubilee over the failure of 
every christian enterprise, it will not be difficult to perceive, 
that it was a question of most tender and thrilling interest, 
whether they should sit down in despair, or, like Nehemiah, rise 
up and build. 

It being finally determined to make the attempt, a building 
committee was appointed, composed of the following persons. 

*Daniel Fetter, Chairman. Wm. S. Vernon, 
Wm. Garvin, Thomas Jones, 

John Reinhard, Marvin D. Averill. 

Wm. Mix, 

A lot of ground was soon procured for about 1500 dollars, 
and subscriptions sufficient to authorize the commencement of 
the building; but how to proceed farther, was a question that 
remained unsettled. It was determined, however, after much 
deliberation, and as the last resort, that their pastor should visit 
New England, taking Philadelphia and New York in his way, 
and present their situation, and the claims of the church, to such 
congregations and personal friends, as would be likely to ren- 
der assistance. In compliance with their wishes, he left Louis- 
ville on the 25th of April, 1831, visited Philadelphia, New 
York, and several of the cities and larger towns in N. Eng- 
land, and returned the 25th of September, being absent 5 
months, and receiving in donations for the church $2127, ex- 
clusive of $100 from ladies in Philadelphia, for the purchase 
of lamps. 

* Tt is but justice to the members of the Second Church, as well as due to the in- 
dividuals themselves, to record their unfeigned gratitude, for the co operation and 
liberality of Messrs. Fetter, Reinhard, and Mix, who, though not members of the 
church, shrunk from no responsibility which the cause demanded. 

The same acknowledgement is also due Mr. Garvin, and those other members of 
the First Church, whose liberality and fraternal kindness furnished a pleasing ex- 
ample of that charity "that envieth not, seeketh not her own, and thinketh no evil." 

Other individuals also, though unconnected with the church, have generously 
aided in the erection of the building; for which, they are entitled to the sincere 
thanks of the church. 


Being encouraged by this timely aid, they prosecuted the 
work of the building with renewed vigor; and though inter- 
rupted by the severity of the wir'er of 1831-2, they advanced 
so far, that in March, an infant school was opened in the base- 
ment story, and in June following, the same room was occu- 
pied for public worship. 

On the 28th of September, 1832, the house was completed 
and dedicated to the worship of the FATHER, SON, AND 


By the Pastor. 

II. SINGING— 100th Psalm.— Denmark. 


IV. HYMN.— Luton, L. M. 

1. And will the great eternal God 
On earth establish his abode? 
And will lie from his radiant throne. 
Avow our temple for his own? 

2. We bring the tribute of our praise; 
And sing that condescending grace* 
Which to our notes will lend an ear. 
And call us sinful mortals near. 

3. Our Father's watchful care we bless. 
Which guards our Synagogue in peace! 
That n5 tumultuous foes invade, 

To Jill our worshippers with dread. 

4. These walls we to thy honor raise; 
Long may they echo to thy praise; 
And thou, descending, fill the place, 
With choicest tokens of thy grace. 

5. Here let the great Redeemer reign. 
With all the glories of his train; 
While power divine his Word attends, 
To conquer foes, and cheer his friends. 

6. And in the great decisive day, 
When God the nations shall survey. 
May it before the world appear, 
That crowds were born to glory here. 


VI. HYMN.— Amherst, P. M. 

1. In sweet exalted strains. 
The king of glory praise; 
O'er Heaven and earth he reigns. 
Through everlasting days; 

He with a nod, the world controls, 
Sustains, or sinks, the distant poles. 

2. To earth he bends his throne — 
His throne of grace divine; 
Wide is his bounty known, 
And wide his glories shine; 

Fair Salem, still bis chosen rest. 
Is with his smiles and presence blest 

3. Great King of glory, come. 
And with thy favor crown, 
This temple as thy dome — 
This people as thy own; 

Beneath this roof. Oh, deign to show. 
How God can dwell with men below. 

4. Here may thine ears attend, 
Thy people's humble cries. 
And grateful praise ascend, 
All fragrant to the skits; 

Here may thy word melodious sound. 
And spread celestial joys around. 

5. Here may th* attentive throng 
Imbibe thy truth and love; 
And converts join the song 
Of seraphim above; 

And willing crowds surround thy board, 
With sacred joy and sweet accord. 

6. Here may our unborn sons 
And daughters sound thy praise; 
And shine like polish'd stones 
Through long succeeding days; 

Here. Lord, display thy saving power. 
While temples stand, and men adore. 

By Prest. Young, of Danville. 

VIII. SINGING— Strike the Cymbal. 


Having now a comfortable and commodious house, the 
church and congregation becoming numerous and much scat- 
tered over a populous city, the importance of enlarging the 
session became apparent to all. A meeting of the church was 
accordingly called on the 19th of December, 1832; when Daniel 
Wurts, Jacob M. Weaver, and Heath J. Miller, were duly elec- 
ted ruling elders, to take part in the responsible duties of the 

The church had now reached a point in her prosperity, from 
which she looked back upon her own history with mingled emo- 
tions of gratitude and surprise. In contrasting her low estate 
in Jhe days of her infancy, with the influence and ihiportance 
she had acquired, whilst yet in her youth ; she seemed startled 
at herself, as if fearing that it might be but the reveries of a 
pleasing dream, from which she must soon awake to disappoint- 
ment. In recapitulating the story of her origin, and the rapid- 
ity of her growth, the members of this church may emphati- 
cally exclaim, in the language of the prophet, "Hitherto hath 
the Lord helped us." 


The Second Church was organized the 17th of April, 1830, 
of 12 members ; 4 males and 8 females. When organized, 
they had no minister engaged, nor had they the means of sup- 
porting one. They had no house of worship, nor were they 
able to build one. They had but few friends that favored their 
enterprise, and still fewer that were able to assist them. — Nev- 
ertheless, with all these embarrassments, in less than three 
years, the Lord added to their number 139 members ; enabled 
them to build a house to the worship of his holy name ; — rais- 
ed them up many friends, and made even their enemies to be at 
peace with them. 

They established an infant school, the first in the state, and 
collected into it, 50 scholars ; — also, a Sabbath School, and 
gathered 100 more into that. They were also able, by the help 
of God, from the time the church was organized, to maintain, 
statedly and uninterruptedly, the public ministrations of his 

Of a truth, may this church exclaim, with David, "The Lord 
hath done great things for us ; whereof we are glad." 





Minister's Names. 


Removed by Death, 
or Dismission. 


Ap. 17, 1830 


* Though having preached for the Second Church from its first organization, he 
was not installed Pastor till April, 1831. 






IWm. S. Vernon, 
James J. Miles, 
Marvin D. Averill 
Daniel Wurts, 
Jacob M. Weaver, 
Heath J. Miller. 

April 17, 1830. 

Nov. 12, 1830. 
Dee. 19. 1832. 

Removed by Death, 
or Dismission. 

dis. May 23, 



N. B.— R. E. denotes Ruling Elder.— H. Husband.— W. 
Wife. — Wid. Widow — S. and G. S. Son and Grandson. — D. 
and G. D. Daughter and Grand Daughter. — B. Brother. — Sis. 
Sister. — C. Cousin. — W. withdrew. — Dis. dismission. — *died. 





Removed by 

death or dis- 

missii hi. 


Dr. Benjamin II. Hall, 
Heath J. Miller, 
Wm. S, Vernon, 
Marvin D. Averill, 
James J. Miles, 
Martha Price 
Henrietta Wilson, 
Lucy C. Hall, 
Sarah Cocke, 
Rebecca G. Averill, 
America Vernon, 
Sarah M. Barnes, 
Mary Denwood, 
Chloe J. Miles, 
Ann B. Miles, 
Maria R. Miles, 
Eliza Bradstreet, 
Rebecca Bradstreet, 
Eliza Bradstreet, 
Dudley Bradstreet, 
Martha Ann Banks, 
Jane Martin, 
Elizabeth Booker, 
Theodosia Curry, 
Elizabeth C. Harris. 
Eliza J. Harris, 
Mary R. Harris, 
Constance M. Massie, 
Sarah Moor, 
Mary Elliott. 
John Watson, 
Joseph Danforth, 
Lucy S. Danforth, 
Orin Jerome, 
Lucy Jerome, 
Mary Barnett, 
Catharine Querry, 
Kcziah M'Donald, 
.Martha Pope, 
Sarah Ann Laws 
A. N. Girard, 
Angelinc Edwards, 
Elizabeth Bell, 
Lucy Read, 


R. E. 
R. E. 
R. E. 
R. E. 
D. 1. 
W. 4. 
W. 3. 
W. 5. 
D. 5. 
D. 5. 
Wid. ' 
D. 17. 
D. 17. W. 
S. 17. 
W. Rev. B 



D. 25. 

D. 25. 

W. Love. 



H. 92. 

H. 33. 

W. 32. 

H. 35. 

W. 34. 





W. M'G'r. 




D 43 W 49 

Apr. 1830. 

M'y23 1830 

June 27. " 
Aug. 26, 
Sep. 12 1830 

dis M'y 23 1832 
*Sept. 8, 1831 

*Feb. 14.1831 
dis M'y 23 1332 

dissept 17 1832 
" July 27, " 

dis Ap 20 1832 

*Oct. 9, 1831. 



KeniQved by 





death or (lis 


Minerva Bronson, 


a U 


Jane Bell, 


fl ti 


Virginia J. H. Wray, 


Sept. 19, 


McFarland Gamble. 



dis. Dec 3, 1831 


Charles Read, 

II. 44. 

Sept. 24, 


John Barnes, 

S. 12. 

" 26, 

*Aug. 10, 1832 


Margaret Elliott, 

D 30 W L 



Ophelia Sawtell, 

\V. Pastor 



Margaret Cowan, 




Martha Hagen, 



*June, 1832. 


Fayette Lemon, 

\V. 1). 118 



James A. Taylor, 

11. 88. 



Sarah Leggett, 


Nov. 3, 


Mary Ann Cosby, 

w. J. c. 

\v. 15, 


Catharine Mix, 

D67W M 



Mary Sneed, 

D. 67 



Caroline Rogers, 

W.Wm. C. 

Nov. 24, 

dis. Sept. 17, 


Dr. Anson G. Henry, 

II. 19. 


dis Feb 19 1833 


Nancy Sneed. 

W. Rev. S. 

Dec. 5, 


Drusilla Graham, 

W. Wm. 



Sarah F. Floyd, 


" 18 


John R. Henry, 

H. 71. 


Catharine Sneed, 


Jan. 1, 1831 


Eleanor Sneed, 

D. 67. 


*May, 1832. 


Nancy Sneed, 

D. 67. 



Mary Ann Reinhard, 

W. J. R. 



Barbary T. Henry, 

W. 66. 



Jacob Birkenmire, 

H. 73. 

Jan. 9, 


Ann Birkenmire, 

W. 72. 



Nathan Melvin, 




Wm. Gamble, 




James Moor, 


Feb. 6, 


Louisa Norwood, 



dis, 5, 1833 


Elijah S. Averill, 

B. 4. 



James S. Allen, 


March 9, 

dis. July 27, " 


Martha M. Scott, 


'• 29, 


Maria Breckenridge, 




Julia Ann Rucker, 




Alexander Shaw, 




Nancy Hamilton, 




Eliza Catlett, 



dis. June, 1831 


James Prather, 

H. 120. 



Catharine Shaw, 

W. 116. 

April 26, 

dis M'y 23 1832 


Louisa Taylor, 



89, Sarah Norris, 



*Sep. 19, 1831. 


Mary Pope, 

W. D. 7. 

Apr. 26 1831 


Ann Horning. 

W. D. 43. 

" " 


Elizabeth Watson, 

W. 31. 

" " 


Minerva M. Miller, 

W. 2. 

Oct. 2, 


Sarah Bogart, 





Removed by 

No.| Names. 



death or dis- 



Wm. Firth, 



♦July 25, 1833. 


Ann Grow, 




Thomas Jones, 




Dr. Charles M. New, 

Oct. 21, 


.Mary Anderson, 


Dec. 25, 


Ann Anderson, 

W. D. 99. 



Dorothy Stevens, 



*Mch. 18, 1833 


Mary Talbourt, 




Ann Bullitt, 




Nancy Massie, 



*Sept. 1, 1833 


Dr. Alban G. Smith, 

Apr. 3, 1832 


Taliaferro H. Smith, 

W. 105. 



James Coyle, 



♦July 23, 1833 


Jane Crane,' 




Eliza Thurston, 


May 20, 


Daniel Wurts, 

R. E. 



Phebe Wurts, 

W. 110. 



Jane Hugonin, 




Ann Maria Tunstall, 




Lucy R. Hall, 

W. 1. 

*Feb. 9,1833 


Carolianna Hall, 

D. 1. 

Dec 25 1831 


Samuel E. Shaw, 

H. 87. 

Mar. 27. 

*May8, 1832. 


Mary Hughes, 


Au. 26 1830 

*Dec. 9, '• 


Ann Lemon, 


Jan. 9, 1831 


Comfort Miller, 


Mar. 27, 


Louisa W. Prather, 

W. 86. 

Au. 12, 1832 


Christian A. Colshear, 




George Talbot Vernon 

S. 3. 



Wm. Stewart, 



1241 Dr. Wash. G. Williams 



Jane Williams, 

W. 124. 



Eliza Keyser, 



Peter Briass, 




Thomas Roberts, 


Sep. 30, 


Harriett Roberts, 

W. 128. 



Catharine M. Roberts, 

D. 129. 



Cynthia Chamberlin, 

W. D. 128. 



Francis Henry, 

H. 133. 



Eliza Henry, 

W. 132. 



Dorothy Warner, 




George Southerland, 





Martha W. Bliss, 




Nancy Bray, 


Sep 30 1832 


Nancy Bray, 

D. 137. 



Abigail W. Bray, 

D. " 



Eliza Bray, 

D. " 



Ann Chamberlin, 




Ann Oglesby, 




Mary H. Crawford, 






Removed by 

No.| Names. 



death or dis- 

144 Nancy Crawford, 

D. S. 143 


1-45] Hannah Pitts, 



146| Hannah M. M'Reynolds, 

D. 145. 



Jacob M. Weaver, 

R. E. 

Dec. 16 " 


Isabella G. Weaver, 

W. 147. 



Gustavus H. Wilcox, 


Dec. 23 " 


Win. Shanks, 




Elizabeth Ann Lylc, 




Frances L. Robertson, 

W. Col. R. 



Edward Wurts, 

S. 110. 



Mrs. M. Hoax, 




Mrs. C. Jones, 

W. 97. 


Julia Nash, 




Joseph Harbould, 

H. 156. 

March 1st 


Lydia Harbould, 

W. 21. 

July 11 


Wm. Lemon, 

S- 118. 


Ann Holme, 



M. St. John Vandaker, 



Mildred A. Mitchell. 



Rosanna Hughes, 



Rosanna Hanberson, 



Lucy Cutter, 



Lewis Shaeffer, 



Irani Peerson, 

H 168. 


Elizabeth Peerson, 

W. 167. 



"It is required in Stewards, that a man be found faithful." — Paul. 
"And he called him and said, give an account of thy Stewardship." 


Dolls. Cts. 

Life valued at 






Daily Food 


Bodily Senses, 


Hearing, &c. 

Intellectual, social and moral powers, 


Reason . 




Power of speech, &c. 

The world tor our habitation, 

Its adaption to our wants 

Rising mountains 

Fertile plains 

Extended valleys 

Flowing rivers 

Gentle streams 

Pure springs 

Air to breathe, also 

Beasts of burden, &c. 

Superintending Providence, 

Changes of season 

Seed time and harvest 

Cold and heat 

Summer and winter 

Day and night 

Early and latter rain, 

Religious privileges, 



Preached word 

Gift of his son 

Gift of the Holy Spirit 

Offer of pardon for all sin, and 

The promise and hope of Heaven, &c, &c. 



Let each Christian, as a faithful Steward, fix the valuation of 
his receipts, if he can do it, and place the sums, in dollars and 
cents, in the blank table ; then let him put the question to his 
own conscience, 'What owest thou unto my Lord?' Let the 
filling up of the blanks on the succeeding pages answer the 

Remittances made by the Steward, and deposited in the bank 
of heaven; which, though a debt, draws an interest, during life, 
of one hundred per cent. — Matth. 


Dolls. Cts. 
To Foreign Missions 
Domestic Missions 
Education Society 
Bible Society 
Tract Society 
Colonization Society 
Temperance Society 
Sabbath School Union 
Education of colored people 
Building of Churches 

Relieving the wants of the poor and sick 
Minister's Salary 
Monthly concert of prayer 
Incidental charities 


"And he saw also a certain poor widow casting in thither 
two miles." — Luke xxi. 2. 

The Saviour look'tl, and many came 
To cast their gifts heforc the Lord; 
Some in the hopes of gaining fame. 
And some to hear their Master's word. 

The rich of their ahundance gave. 
Of gold and silver laid in store. 
While some who had a pittance saved, 
Did freely give, — who could ask more? 

Again he look'd, and saw a form 

With tremhling limbs approach the place; 

Humility and love were warm. 

And shone in her with matchless grace. 

Two little mites her hand contained, 
Although her all, she freely gave; 
Knowing they would not he disdained. 
By him who came the world to save. 

The Saviour saw the gift, though small, 

And said to those who stood around, 

"She of her substance giveth all, — 

More than ye gave it will be found." A. L. 




"The Lord loveth a cheerful giver." 

To Foreign Missions 
Domestic Missions 
Education Society, 
Bible Society, 
Tract Society, 
Colonization Society, 
Temperance Society, 
Sabbath School Union, 
Education of Colored People, 
Building of Churches, 
Relieving the wants of the poor and sick, 
Minister's Salary, 
Monthly concert of prayer. 






1st. Do you believe that there is one only living and true 
God, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in his being, wisdom, 
powers, holiness, goodness and truth ; and that this God sub- 
sists in three persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost? 

2d. Do you believe, that the Scriptures of the Old and New 
Testament are a revelation from God, and the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice? 

3d. Do you believe that you are sinners by nature, destitute 
of holiness, totally depraved, and as such deserve the wrath of 
God forever? 

4. Do you believe in Jesus Christ as a Divine Saviour, the 
only Mediator between God and Man, and the only name given 
under heaven, whereby sinners can be saved? 

5. Do you believe in the necessity of the renewing and sanc- 
tifying influences of the Holy Spirit, to change the heart and 
make you meet for the inheritance of the saints in light? 

6. Do you believe in the resurrection of the dead, and in a 
general judgment, when the righteous shall be publicly acquit- 
ted by Christ the judge, and admitted to everlasting life and 
glory, and the wicked condemned, to go away into everlasting 
punishment ? 

{Here the candidates bozv assent) 

7. And, now, do you take this God the Father, to be your 
Father, the Son to be your Saviour, and the Holy Spirit to be 
your Sanctifier ; and to this Glorious Trinity, one God, do you 
heartily and wholly dedicate yourselves and all you have and 
are, and to be His forever ? 

8. Do you receive the Scriptures of the Old and New Tes- 
tament as the only infallible rule of faith and practice? 

9. Do you, as far as you know your own heart, unfeignedly 
repent of all your sins ; and do you now look and trust for sal- 
vation to the righteousness of Christ, received by faith in his 

10. Do you engage to walk with God in the ways of new 
obedience, and to strive after eminent attainments in christian 
knowledge, piety and usefulness? And in order to this, do you 
engage to be diligent in the use of the means of grace, such as 


reading the scriptures, prayer, self-examination, and attendance 
on the public worship and ordinances of God's house? 

11. Do you promise subjection in the Lord to the constitut- 
ed authority of the Church to which you belong, and to walk in 
brotherly love with its members? And thus, by the help of 
God's grace, you engage to act until death ? 


The Minister may then address them in the following or similar 


In consequence of the professions which you have now made, 
and the engagements into which you have entered, I do, in the 
name of the Lord Jesus, receive you to the communion of this 
Church, and give you a right to all its privileges. 

The Minister will then call upon the Church to rise in testi- 
mony of their willingness to receive them. 

116 PSALM. 

1 What shall I render to my God 4 How happy all thy servants are 
For all his kindness shown? How great thy grace to me! 

My feet shall visit thine abode. My life, which thon hast made thy care. 

My songs address thy throne. Lord, I devote to thee. 

2 Among the saints that till thine house 5 Now I am thine, forever thine. 
My offering shall be paid; Nor shall my purpose move; 

There shall my zeal perform the vows, Thy hand has loosed my bonds of pain, 

My soul in anguish made. And bound me with thy love. 

3 Flow much is mercy thy delight. 6 Here in thy courts I leave my vow, 
Thou ever-blessed God! And thy rich grace record; 

How dear thy servants in thy sight! Witness, ye saints, who hear me now, 

How precious is their blood! If I forsake the Lord. 



On the nature of the covenant entered into at the baptism of 
their children. 

Baptism is a sign and seal of the covenant of grace, or the 
covenant between God and true believers. 

In all the covenants that God has ever made with his believ- 
ing people, the children have been included with the parents. 

The seal of the covenant of grace, was once applied to the 
children of believing parents, and we believe it ought still to be 
applied, inasmuch as the right has never been disannuled, but 
abundantly confirmed in the New Testament. 

In presenting your children for baptism, you do publicly give 
them away to God, and to his Church, and you bind yourselves 


to bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. 
God promises on his part, to adopt them into his family, and be 
a God to your seed, by becoming their Redeemer and Sancti- 

The water, in this ordinance, implies guilt and pollution, and 
represents the necessity of regeneration and sanctification by 
the spirit and blood of Christ. As soon as your children are 
capable of receiving instruction, it becomes your duty to have 
them taught to read God's Holy Word ; to instruct them in the 
principles of the christian religion, of which there is an excel- 
lent summary in the Confession of Faith, and Catechism of our 
Church ; to pray for them, and with them ; to set an example 
of piety and Godliness before them ; and by all the means of 
God's appointment, to bring them up in the fear of the Lord, 
that they may become blessings to the church and to the world. 

These duties, and whatever others you may discover from 
the word of God, to be binding on you, as christian parents, you 
do promise and covenant, in the presence of God and his 
church, that you will endeavor, (the Lord being your helper) 
to perform. 


1. Do you sincerely desire to know and do your duty, and 
how do you evince that sincerity? 

2. Do you endeavor to keep the Sabbath day holy, and reg- 
ularly and seasonably attend public worship? Are you atten- 
tive, and do you frequently lift up your heart to God during 
the service ; to sing with the spirit and the understanding, mak- 
ing melody in your heart ? 

3. Are you always found in your place at the Lord's table? 
and if parents, Have you had your children baptised ? Are you 
fulfilling your covenant engagements? 

4. Do you daily worship God in your family ? 

5. Have you a Bible ; and do you daily read it ? How often 
have you read it through? Do you assent to every part, that 
it is good? 

6. Do you statedly pray in private? Why do you pray? 
For what do you pray ? What is the general character of your 
prayers? Have you strong desires and faith? 

7. What books are you reading? What religious paper do 
you take; and what do you know of the christian or heathen 
world ; and are you doing any thing to support, or spread the 
gospel ? 


8. Do you speak evil of any? Do you suppress evil re- 
ports? Do you promote peace among your neighbors? Do 
you always speak the truth, and always keep your word? Do 
you pay your debts ? Are you strictly honest in all things ? Do 
you relieve the poor, and in all companies and places, do you re- 
ceive and communicate all the good you can ? 

9. Do you pray for your brethren in the Church? Do you 
rejoice in their spiritual and temporal welfare? Do you give 
and accept christian reproof? Do you wish to correct your 

10. How do you discharge the duties of your station? 

11. Do you guard against pride, selfishness, covetousness, 
anger, levity? Against improper companions, books, amuse- 
ments, intemperance, idleness, impurity? How have you pro- 
fited by affliction ? How do you bear prosperity ? 

12. What value do you put upon time ? What is the great 
end of life? For what will any fellow creature have reason to 
bless you in eternity ? How would you, a hundred years hence, 
wish you had spent this present life? 

13. In conclusion, what evidence have you that you are a 
christian ? Do you love christians ? Do you requite evil with 
good ? Are you more afraid of displeasing God than man ? 
Would you rather suffer evil than to commit sin ? Are you wil- 
ling to have your sanctification promoted by any means? 

14. How do you know that you grow in grace? Do you 
feel every day more deeply your need of a Saviour? Do you 
confide in him ? Have you more of a child-like spirit ? Do you 
live near to God? Do you feel an increasing interest in the 
prosperity of the Church ? Do you find a growing thirst for 
Divine truth ? Have you a greater desire to be holy as God is 
holy ? Do you groan more and more under the burden of in- 
dwelling sin? Is your devotion to God more fixed and entire? 
Are you conscious of an increasing willingness to make sacrifi- 
ces for Christ? 

In a word, are your evidences growing brighter, that you 
will through faith and patience inherit the promises ; and at 
the time of your departure, be able to say with Paul, "I have 
fought the good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept 
the faith." 


Designed for young members, after reading the foregoing 

Covenant and Questions. 
Great and Blessed God ! Thy presence fills immensity, and 
thine all-searching eye is in every place; the secrets of my 


heart are all open before thee. Holiness is thy character, and 
mercy thy darling attribute. With all humility and reverence 
would I approach thee, through Jesus Christ my intercessor. 
Compose and prepare my heart, that I may worship thee with 
acceptance and profit. To thee, O God ! I have devoted "my- 
self a living sacrifice" and oh ! may it be a holy and an accepta- 
ble offering. I have chosen thee for my portion ; and have re- 
solved in the strength of the Lord Jesus, to do thy will, and 
obey thy commandments. I bless and adore thee, for putting 
the resolution into my heart. But alas ! When I search and 
try my ways, I find that in all things, I come short of thy glory. 
I am too ignorant of thy blessed and revealed will ; too low and 
grovelling in my affections ; too selfish in my desires and aims, 
and too faithless and unbelieving in my prayers. 

Have mercy upon me, O God ! according to thy loving kind- 
ness ; according to the multitude of thy tender mercies, blot out 
all my transgressions. Wash me thoroughly from mine iniqui- 
ty, and cleanse me from my sin. Lord, be gracious unto me, 
and lift upon me the light of thy reconciled countenance. Then 
will I teach transgressors thy ways and sinners shall be con- 
verted unto thee. And now Lord, I would go and sin no more. 
Let thy Holy Spirit ever dwell in my heart, that sin may not 
have dominion over me. Teach me thy statutes and enable me 
to keep them. Help me to lay aside every hindrance, and to 
labor for eternity with my whole heart. And for this end, in- 
crease my faith, elevate my affections, excite my desires after 
christian knowledge, holiness and usefulness, until I shall have 
finished my work on the earth, and am prepared unto glory, to 
be presented faultless in thy presence and the presence of the 
Holy Angels. 


1 What various hindrances we meet 
In coming to a mercy seat! 

Yet who that knows the worth of prayer, 
But wishes to be often there? 

2 Prayer makes the darkened cloud withdraw; 
Prayer climbs the ladder Jacob saw; 
Gives exercise to faith and love, 

Brings every blessing from above. 

3 Restraining prayer, we cease to fight; 
Prayer makes the Christian's armour bright, 
And Satan trembles when he sees 

The weakest saint upon his knees. 


4 While Moses stood with arms spread wide, 
Success was found on Israel's side; 

But when through weariness they failed, 
That moment Amalek prevailed. 

5 Have you no words? ah! think again; 
Words flow apace when you complain ; 
And fill your fellow-creatures' ear, 
With the sad tale of all your care. 

6 Were half the breath thus vainly spent. 
To Heaven in supplication sent, 

Your cheerful song would oftener be, 

"Hear what the Lord has done for me." — Cowper. 


1. It is a rale of the Second Church Session, that Presbyte- 
rians, coming into the city from other churches, and commun- 
ing- with us one year, must then either produce a certificate 
from the church to which they belong, or give to the session a 
reason why they do not. 

2. Members removing out of the city, into the bounds of 
other churches, should procure certificates of dismission, and 
connect themselves with the church, within the bounds of which 
they reside ; otherwise, discipline, good order and correctness 
in sessional records cannot be preserved. 

3. Members dismissed are always considered under the 
watch, and subject to the discipline of the church dismissing 
them, until actually received by the church, to which they are 
dismissed. See Confession of Faith, Chap. 10, Sec. 1. 

4. No certificate of church membership is valid testimony 
of the good standing of the bearer, if more than one year old, 
unless there has been no opportunity of presenting it to a 
church before. See C. Faith, chap. 11, sec. 2. 

5. Children should, ordinarily, be baptised in the congrega- 
tion where they belong. When they are not, parents should 
carry a certificate of their baptism to their own pastor or ses- 
sion, that a record may be made. But on no account should 
christian parents neglect this important duty, of dedicating 
their children to God in baptism ; a failure in this obvious duty, 
subjects them to the censure of the Church. 

6. The session meet statedly, the first Tuesday in every 
month. Persons wishing to be received into the Church, or 
having other business with the session, should be present on 
that day. 



"My first great busienss on earth is the sanctification of my 
own soul."- — Martyn. 

"Whenever we become unwatchful, and self-confident, we 
are near some humiliating fall." — Scott. 

"This is the comfort of a child of God, that though he 
brought sin with him into the world, he shall not carry it with 
him out of the world. God hath so wisely ordered and ap- 
pointed it, that as death came in by sin, so shall itself be 
destroyed by death." 

"A man may go to heaven without health, without wealth, 
without honor, without learning, without friends ; but he can 
never go to heaven without Christ." 

"A person who can take pleasure in hearing slander, may 
safely be marked am<5ng slanderers." 

"Professors should be reminded, that those experiences, or 
excited feelings which result in no efforts for Christ, are 

"Pride takes little delight in begging. Take heed, therefore, 
of pride, which will soon make thee a stranger at the throne of 
grace." — Gurnall. 

Be silent 


^-Thoughts be divine, lawful, chaste, 
Conversation be brief, honest, true. 
Works be profitable, holy, charitable. 
Manners be grave, courteous, cheerful. 
Diet be temperate, convenient, sober. 
"Let your J Aparel be frugal, neat, comely. 

Will be constant, obedient, ready. 
Sleep be moderate, quiet, seasonable. 
Prayers be short, frequent, fervent. 
Recreation be lawful, suitable, seldom. 
Memory be of death, punishment, glory. 

be silent; 
J understand ; 
| remember ; 
[ do accordingly. 

> and learn to 

All that you < 

see, judge not ; 
hear, believe not; 
know, tell not ; 
can do, do not. 


On every occasion, when you discourse, think first, and look 
narrowly what you speak — of whom you speak — to tvhom you 
speak — hoiv you speak — and when you speak ; and what you 
speak, speak wisely, speak truly, lest you bring yourself into 
great trouble." 


For promoting harmony among Church Members. 

1. To remember that we are all subject to failings and in- 
firmities, of one kind or another. 

2. To bear with, and not magnify each other's infirmities. 

3. To pray one for another in our social meetings, and 
particularly in private. — James V. 16. 

4. To avoid going from house to house, for the purpose of 
bearing news, and interfering with other men's business. 

5. Always to turn a deaf ear to any slanderous report, and 
to lay no charge against any person until well founded. 

6. If any member be in fault, to tell him of it in private, be- 
fore it is mentioned to others. 

7. To watch against a shyness of each other, and put the 
best construction on any action, that has the appearance of 
opposition or resentment. 

8. To observe the just rule of Solomon — that is, to leave off 
contention before it be meddled with. — Proverbs xvii. 14. 

9. If a member has offended, to consider how glorious, how 
God-like it is to forgive, and how unlike a christian it is to re- 
venge. — Ephesians iv. 2. 

10. To remember that it is always a grand artifice of the 
Devil to promote distance and animosity among members of 
churches, and we should therefore watch against every thing 
that furthers this end. 

11. To consider how much more good we can do in the 
world at large, and in the church in particular, when we are all 
united in love, than we could do when acting alone, and indulg- 
ing a contrary spirit. 

12. Lastly, to consider the express injunction of scripture, 
and the beautiful example of Christ, as to these important 
things. Read the following passages. — Ephesians iv. 32 — 1 
Peter xi. 21. — John xiii. 5, 35. 



Dearly Beloved, 

"The aim of my present address is to recommend 
and enjoin fervent prayer in private. 

Indeed, my brethren, the great end of my preaching 
is accomplished, if I awaken in your hearts a spirit of 
earnest supplication, and make you a praying people. 
Unless my sermons are blessed, with the effect of bring- 
ing you often on your knees, of humbling you at a 
throne of grace, and of leading you to pray fervently 
for spiritual blessings, I preach in vain, and you hear 
in vain. What avails the setting before you of your 
guilt and danger as sinners, if you are not constrained 
to cry to God for mercy! — What avails preaching 
Christ crusified, if your hearts be not drawn to seek 
salvation through Him! — What avails the proclama- 
tion of God's willingness to grant the Holy Spirit to 
them that ask him, if you neglect to comply with this 
simple condition ! 

But, oh ! what an abundant blessing would follow my 
ministerial labours among you, would you all but pray 
in secret over the instructions you receive from the 
pulpit ; would you hasten home, without waiting for the 
customary, though mis-timed salutations,while the rec- 
ollection is fresh, the impression strong, and the heart 
full, to ask God, in the name of his dear Son, to bless 
and apply what you have just heard, to your soul's 
good. Thus you would make your hearing profitable 
indeed; thus you would "mark, learn, and inwardly 
digest" the word preached; and the seed sown would 
not be exposed to the enemy of your souls, nor stifled 
by the cares and concerns of the world ; but w T ould sink 
deep into your hearts, be watered by the dew of Heaven, 
and bring forth fruits, of righteousness a hundred-fold. 


Do you ask me — What is prayer"? It is the voice of 
the needy, to Him who alone can relieve them. It is 
the cry of the sinful, to Him who alone can pardon 
them. It is not eloquence, but earnestness. It is not 
fine words nor flowing periods, but it is a deep sense of 
our guilt, urging us to approach the Saviour, and to 
seek pardon, help, and salvation, with strong crying — 
it may be, with tears, and groanings which cannot be 

Did you never hear a man that was starving, beg for 
bread? — That was prayer. Did you ever witness the 
agonizing cry of the condemned criminal for mercy? — 
That was prayer. Did you ever behold the shipwreck- 
ed mariner looking wishfully to those on shore, for res- 
cue ! — That was prayer. 

The Publican prayed, when he cried, "God, be mer- 
ciful to me a .sinner!" 

Peter prayed, when he said, "Lord, save me, or I 

Bartimeus prayed, when he exclaimed, "Jesus, thou 
Son of David, have mercy on me ! ' ' 

Stephen prayed, when he uttered those words, "Lord 
.Jesus, receive my spirit 1" 

In all these instances the words of the petition were 
plain and simple; they could not indeed be more so; 
but in each it was real prayer, because it came from the 
heart; and therefore was heard and graciously an- 
swered by him to whom it was addressed. 

The Publican went down to his house, justified. 

Peter was upheld from sinking by the sustaining arm 
of Christ. 

Blind Bartimeus was restored to sight. 

Stephen fell asleep in Jesus, in a calm and forgiving 

Indeed I know not how sufficiently to represent to 
you the prevailing efficacy of genuine prayer. It be- 
sieges Heaven with a holy violence, accosting God in 
the language of the wrestling Patriarch, "I will not let 


thee go, except thou bless me." We know that it has 
stayed the pestilence; that it has caused the sun to 
stand still in the heavens; that it has parted the sea; 
opened the prison doors, healed the sick, and raised 
the dead to life again. 

No sooner is the spirit of gace and supplication given 
from on high, than the stubborn soul is melted, the 
broken heart is bound up, the sinner changed into the 
humble saint, and offending man restored to the lost 
image of his God. 

Do you ask — What is the proper season for prayer? 
I answer, in the Apostle 's words — ' ' Pray without ceas- 
ing!" I mean not, that you should always be on your 
knees, or always lifting up your voice to heaven; but 
that you should constantly cherish a praying spirit, 
and be ready to frame a prayer from the circum- 
stances about you. 

Are you blessed with temporal mercies, with a com- 
fortable competence, a smiling family, a fair reputa- 
tion ? Pray that these blessings prove not a snare to 
you, lest they rob God of your heart, and you have your 
"good things" upon earth only. Are you tried in your 
health, in your circumstances, in your family? Pray 
that the will of God may be accomplished in the dispen- 
sation; that you may discern the drift of his Provi- 
dence, may meet it with humble resignation, and reap 
the blessing. Are .you called to undertake some ardu- 
ous duty, or encounter some severe temptation. Pray 
that God's strength may be perfected in your weak- 
ness, that his grace may be sufficient for you, and that 
you may come off more than conquerors, through him 
that loved you. 

Are you going to the house of God f Pray that your 
hearts may be devoutly disposed, that you may enjoy 
God's gracious presence there, and worship him in 
spirit and in truth. Are you leaving the house of God? 
Pray that you may carry home the blessing, and that 


you may evidence, in your tempers, and in your lives, 
that you "have indeed been with Jesus." — Begin the 
day with prayer \ It is the golden key, that unlocks 
heaven to pour down blessings on you. — End the day 
with prayer ! It is the same golden key, that locks you 
up under Heaven's protection. 

Pray for your friends, that they may be near and 
dear to God. — Pray for your enemies, that their hearts 
may be changed, and their souls saved. — And when you 
have nearest access to a throne of grace, and feel your 
hearts in a heavenly frame, pray for your Minister, 
that his soid may prosper and be in health; that God 
would teach bim, that he may teach others, and become 
the honoured, though humble instrument of bringing 
many souls to glory." 

I remain, Dearly Beloved, 

Your affectionate Minister and Servant in Christ. 

"Remember the days of old, consider the years of genera- 
tions and generations ; ask thy father, and he will shew thee ; 
thy elders, and they will tell thee." 


In presenting a history of the Woman's Work of the Second 
Presbyterian Church it was thought wise to give also a very 
condensed history of the years that followed the chronicles of 
Dr. Sawtell's manual. We are greatly indebted to Dr. Edward 
Warren's history of "The Presbyterian Church in Louisville," 
to Dr. Charles R. Hemphill and to the excerpts of Mr. George 
W. Morris, who wrote from memory the history which is com- 
piled with the church manual of 1885. For the privilege of 
reprinting Dr. Sawtell's manual, we are indebted to Mrs. E. S. 
Porter, of the Fourth Avenue Presbyterian Church, whose 
grandmother, Mrs. Ann Chamberlain, possessed the original 

Unfortunately, the records of the church previous to 1866 
have been lost, but the Second Presbyterian Church got its 
name far back in the last century, nearly one hundred years 
ago, when twelve (12) members of the first church, whose 
names are listed in the manual in the front of the book, asked 
to form a new — a second — church. The first sermon was 
preached in April, 1830, and at the end of the first year there 
was a Sunday school of nearly one hundred. The Sunday 
school and church services were held in a plain, one-story 
building on Green Street between Fourth and Fifth, about the 
center of the court house ground on the west side of Fifth. 
Here services were held until the basement of the new church 
on Third between Walnut and Green (where the Water Co. 
now stands) was completed. The church was dedicated in 
1832, the Rev. E. N. Sawtell the first pastor. Dr. Sawtell re- 
signed in 1836 ; and Mr. L. L. Warren, writing of hearing the 
farewell sermon, says : "Dr. Sawtell pointed out the dangers 
that beset the church in this city : first, the difficulty of private 
devotion; second, the want of time to study the Scriptures; 
third, the neglect of the Sabbath observance ; fourth, the desire 
to gain riches. As his society are many of them merchants, 
his admonitions were mostly for them." 

We wish very much that we had a picture of this dear, old 
church which some here may remember, but, although we have 
searched diligently, we must content ourselves with a word- 
picture. Our efforts to find a picture included a search among 
the files of the Courier-Journal, the Christian Observer, the 
John P. Morton Co., Collins' History of Kentucky and other 
records at the Public Library. We appealed to members of 
branch churches who remembered seeing pictures, but could 
not direct us to the finding of one. 


Mrs. E. S. Porter's mother, Mrs. A. A. Young, wrote a 
paper on "School days in the 40's" and tells of her recollec- 
tions. She says: "Somewhere about the year 1841 a little girl 
of seven summers began school in a dingy-looking, two-story, 
brick building, one of a row of similar residences standing 
behind the old Presbyterian church on Third St. and reached 
by an alley at the side of the church. After a lapse of more 
than three score and ten years, there are but few things that 
stand out distinctly in the memory — one is the old church 
(Rev. E. P. Humphrey's) with its long flight of steps ascend- 
ing from either side and meeting at the doorway ; the high 
pulpit reached by another flight and surrounded by heavy 
crimson curtains with a canopy overhead. There stood the 
minister, upon whom the children looked with deepest awe and 
reverence as one exalted far above other men." Dr. Edward 
P. Humphrey was the second pastor and during a score of 
years the church grew in numbers and influence under his 

Dr. J. J. Bullock had charge for a few years when Dr. Stu- 
art Robinson, who had once supplied for Dr. Humphrey, was 
called to the Second Church from a professorship at Danville 
Theological Seminary. 

Under Dr. Humphrey the mission work had grown and 
classes for colored children established in the basement. Also 
a school at Fifth and York, which later grew into the large 
Fifth Street Baptist Church^ Colored. When Dr. Robinson 
came, in 1858, steps were taken at once to remodel the base- 
ment and put galleries in the audience room to accommodate 
the growing congregation. Also, a large lot on the corner of 
Second and College was purchased. It was intended to use 
the corner lot for the church and to reserve 100 feet for a col- 
lege to be a companion to the Female School on Sixth Street 
near Walnut. The war came on soon after and Dr. Robinson 
retired to Canada, Dr. John C. Young, the co-pastor, serving 
until the pastor's return. 

It was not until May, 1870, that the rear part of the present 
building was ready for worship, the auditorium, being com- 
pleted and "the beautiful stone structure, with its Gothic spires, 
was formally dedicated to God" on September 13, 1874. The 
church having been divided in 1866, two-third's remaining with 
Dr. Robinson and one-third forming the College Street church, 
to whom the property at this location, Second and College, had 
been assigned in the division. The new Second Church prop- 
erty ran back to Jacob Street. Dr. Robinson announced at the 
dedication that in the five years about $100,000 had been 


raised, having- still a bonded debt of $20,000 and a floating debt 
of $15,000. The congregation numbered four hundred. Dr. 
Robinson also announced that "the ladies of the congregation 
have furnished the house, the Children's Society have furnished 
the simple but beautiful pulpit, Mr. Joseph McCullough the ele- 
gant pulpit chairs, while the oldest and most honored and be- 
loved of our members, Mrs. W. C. Bullitt, has supplied the 
elegant books for the pulpit. So that the pulpit stands a strik- 
ing illustration of the faithfulness of God's promise to old age 
as it is passing down to the Jordan and over to its rest, that 
the children shall take their places — to see old age and child- 
hood coming thus hand in hand, with the alabaster box as 
their united offering to the adorning of their Savior in adorn- 
ing His house." From this time the work of the church stead- 
ily increased, and in 1881 the congregation sustained the loss 
by death of its beloved pastor, who had served so faithfully as 
its pastor, had taught so profoundly, and proven to all to be a 
true friend. 

Dr. John Pratt was pastor from 1881-1883. In 1885, Dr. 
Charles R. Hemphill was installed. This beloved pastor re- 
linquished his pastoral work, after many years of service, to 
take up larger work at the Seminary, but we rejoice that he 
still labors with us, going in and out among us in a ministry 
of friendship and love. 

Dr. Neander Woods followed Dr. Hemphill, then came Dr. 
Egbert W. Smith. On February 1, 1908, the church burned. 
The interior was entirely destroyed, but the walls and contour 
remained, so that the beauty was really not marred, the spires 
and general appearance being the same at present. During the 
two or more years of rebuilding the members worked mightily 
and harmoniously for a satisfying and bautiful reconstruc- 
tion. Dr. John M. Vander Meulen followed Dr. Smith, then 
Dr. Dunbar Ogden, and our present beloved pastor, Dr. Teunis 
E. Gouwens. 

We realize, as never before, how great is our heritage, and 
with such a background of history, telling of sacrifice and de- 
votion to our own branch of the Lord's work, we, the sons and 
daughters, must press forward in the effort to leave to our 
children a record worthy of the past. We note among the 
"sons" that in the names of members of our joint session there 
are nine (9) who are sons or grandsons of members of the old 
"Third Street Church." But we will leave to more capable 
hands the "task" of writing the history of the church during 
these later ministries, as our particular "labor of love" is to 
tell of the women's part in this portion of the Lord's Kingdom. 


OFFICERS FOR 1927-1928. 


Vice President. 

Recording Secretary. 

Corresponding Secretary. 




We find no records of work clone by our women from 1850 
to 1870. but bave only succeeded in getting information from 
some of our older members. 

That the women were always busy we have every assur- 
ance, but just what work was done in the various "societies" 
we cannot tell chronologically. In the "old Third Street" days 
we learn that the women taught in the Sabbath school (con- 
ducted in the dark basement) and in the several schools of 
sewing for the colored children. There is one of our number, 
Mrs. Will S. Hays, who remembers teaching at the age of ten 
years the little colored girls who called her "Miss Belle." It is 
also related that during the war, 1861-65, the work of sewing 
for the soldiers was carried on in private houses with even 
more diligence — if that could be — than that of the Red Cross 
work of the World War. The period following the war 
seemed to be one of many bazaars. One description tells of a 
bazaar lasting five days and evenings, at which time more 
than $1,500.00 was cleared. Some of us remember hearing 
our grandmother's tell of these clays and the marvelous din- 
ners and oyster suppers that were served as a method of rais- 
ing funds to furnish the various rooms, or for continuance of 
some missionary enterprise. One member tells of coming to 
Louisville a young girl, just grown, in 1870 and finding our 
church constantly planning socials and picnics for the young 
people — the playgrounds being old Floral Park — and Dr. Stu- 
art Robinson's beautiful country place — now Central Park. 
Coming as she did from the country, she had no complaints to 
make of the sociability and hospitality of the Second Church. 
This same member, as do many others, seem to consider Mrs. 
Stuart Robinson and Mrs. E. B. Owsley the leaders in all the 
women's work of the church. 

The younger women were also active in the missions, teach- 
ing in sewing schools and at Park Mission, the Sunday school 
which Dr. and Mrs. Robinson had established on Sixth Street. 
In the new church the women had been very active in working 
for the new red carpet and for all the furnishings, even as the 
present generation finds its interest in these things pertaining 
to its church home. 

In the church manual printed in 1885 the following activi- 
ties are listed for the women, but no description of the work. 


No officers. 


Mrs. E. B. Owsley, 


Mrs. B. H. Young, 



Mrs. Theobald, 

At this place we wish to insert an interesting paper prepared 
by Mrs. H. A. Witherspoon for an anniversary meeting of The 
Woman's Auxiliary. 


•A Record of The Benevolent Society 





OCTOBER 5, 1926. 

"The Benevolent Society" of the Second Presbyterian Church 
was invited in April, 1916, to be "the guest of honor" at the 
monthly meeting of The Woman's Organization of the Second 
Presbyterian Church of Louisville — a society organized in 1913 
by the pastor, Dr. John M. Yander Meulen. It is true that at 
that date we were paying and working members of some one 
of the four groups of the new organization, namely, the For- 
eign Mission, Home Mission, Pastor's Aid and the King's 
Daughters, but we had never disbanded or given up any of 
the work of the Benevolent Society. We were accepted then 
and now as an integral part of the new organization and are 
recognized and known by our new name: "Benevolent and 
Sewing Circle of the Second Presbyterian Church." Hence you 
see why we were "Guests of Honor" at that meeting in 1916 
and I suppose we are simply just what is called the "fifth 
wheel" of the Woman's organization. 

Mrs. Vincent Davis and I were asked at- that meeting to give 
some data concerning the age and work of the society and she 
said the exact date of its beginning was not certain, but it was 
known that it existed as early as 1850 and that its work had 
always been along benevolent lines, such as sewing for orphans 
and providing for the poor and needy in the church and com- 
munity. Mrs. Kate Paine also testified of the many happy 
memories of her childhood when the early meetings were held 
at the home of her mother, Mrs. Katharine Moore, but that 
most of the meetings after 1850 were held in the old church on 
Third between Green and Walnut, where the Water Co. now 
has its offices. 

During the years of the Civil War this society discontinued 
its work, but in 1866, the date that Mrs. Davis became a mem- 
ber, it was reorganized and Mrs. E. B. Owsley was made presi- 
dent, holding that office until her death in 1886, just twenty 
years. They only had three presidents during the years it was 
in active work — Mrs. Owsley, Mrs. Stuart Robinson and Mrs. 
J. W. Akin (Mrs. Owsley's daughter), three names that stand 


as foundation stones in the records of this church, and their 
works "do follow after them" in their children and their chil- 
dren's children, if I may use such an extreme expression. The 
fourth and last president was also a daughter of Mrs. E. B. 
Owsley — Mrs. George G. Brown. The three missionaries that 
have gone from time to time to foreign fields in China from 
this church, Mrs. Lettie Taylor Grafton. Mrs. Martha Cecil 
Wilson and Calvin Caldwell, are all either the children or 
grandchildren of faithful members of "The Benevolent." If 
this society was started in 1850, then it is now at this date, 
1926, seventy-six years old — somewhat past its "three score 
years and ten" ! 

I think it was in 1880 that another society in the church was 
formed by Mrs. Howard Plunter, Mrs. Rawson, Mrs. Mac- 
Leod and a large number of younger women. I caused much 
amusement among them when we met, on the Monday after- 
noons of the two societies, in the vestibule of the chapel on 
Second Street. The "young women" (so-called) met upstairs 
and the Benevolent in the pastor's study downstairs. I was 
often laughingly told : "You belong upstairs !" 

Our Stuart Robinson Free Kindergarten was organized in 
1887, during the time Mrs. Stuart Robinson was president. 
The expense of the work, $65.00 per month, was raised exclu- 
sively in the Second Church. Mary D. Hill, a child of our 
church and a national authority on kindergarten work, was the 
first principal. The Benevolent Society financed and carried 
on the work for eleven years. The influence of it is still felt 
in that neighborhood, in fact, is living on through the well- 
known Settlement House work now carried on at- Ninth and 
Hill streets. It is not generally known, I am sure, that the 
establishment of this "Stuart Robinson Free Kindergarten" 
was the origin of all Free Kindergarten work in the public 
schools, the first one being in the old Fifth and Walnut Street 
school. The late Jane Akin, national authority on kindergar- 
ten work, beloved member of this Second Church and daugh- 
ter of Mrs. J. W. Akin (one of the three presidents of the 
Benevolent) was one of the first principals of free kinder- 
gartens in the Louisville public schools. 

The method of money-getting for our work was much as it 
is now, yearly dues of $3.00, sewing done to order, making 
children's dresses and baby wardrobes. Much of the sewing 
being taken home to be done by the busy members in the wee 
hours of the night. Many of the stately women sitting here 
today wore dresses in their early babyhood and childhood 
made by those dear hands that have long since gone to rest! 


Rut when the appeal came from sewing women that we were 
getting much of the work that meant bread for them, that line 
of work was stopped. Then we commenced to make comforts 
and rarely had less than two orders a week and they were 
only made to order. This work was not only a "golden egg" 
to the exchequer, but gave unending joy and much sweet in- 
tercourse to those of us that gathered weekly around the 
quilting frames — and we understood the joys of "Aunt Dinah's 
Quilting Parties" ! 

Mrs. Stuart Robinson had a way of waving her hand over 
the money box and there was always money at the bottom to 
answer every call. They always clothed an orphan (often 
two), helped many young men through college and in their 
preparation for the ministry. Paid three $50.00 kindergarten 
scholarships for three of the young women of this church and 
responded to the call for help from country churches. There 
was not so much systematic 1 tome Mission work to care for 
feeble churches in those days. One of the sources of great 
revenue was the "show case" we kept on a large packet that 
made the round trip monthly to New Orleans — a privilege 
given us through Captain Carter, one of the early members of 
this church. I had charge of and the up-keep of the case — 
every article was price-marked and the key of the case given 
the chamber maid, she being allowed 10 per cent commission. 
We did a fine business for several years, never on a trip clear- 
ing less than $15 or $20, for this was quite a fashionable trip 
for families to take in those days. There were always many 
beautiful things for sale, including wearing apparel and 
dressed dolls. If children were on board, there was never a 
doll left over. One of our sweetest memories is of Mrs. Will 
Hamilton, a devoted member, who never met with us, as she 
was bedridden for twenty years, but her dues and prayers 
were always ours! I'll never forget her joy when I went to 
her and told her God had opened up this avenue for her to 
work for Him — it was mostly her beautiful work that brought 
in such wonderful moneyed returns. The humorous experi- 
ences I had during the years we had the "show case" would 
make a good stunt for a vaudeville. The chambermaid and I 
kept regular books ; I tried to keep in touch with her and look 
over and replenish the stock each trip, but with the usual "per- 
verseness of inanimate things" the packet rarely reached here 
in daylight. At such times I often had to sit for hours on the 
wharfboat, then go down with them for the trip through the 
canal, get off, returning by street car. One long-to-be-remem- 


bered night we were frozen up in one of the locks and I got 
off at the Eighteenth Street bridge, reaching home at daylight. 

During the World War, from 1914 on, "The Benevolent" 
was merged into "Red Cross" work, still keeping up the regu- 
lar sewing for the orphanage at Anchorage and other worthy 
causes. Then when the old-time "comfort-making" was re- 
sumed at the regular time of meeting, they were called "The 
Benevolent Sewing Circle," for many of the early members 
are still in the work. 

In gathering together the data relating to "The Benevolent 
Society," I feel as though I was building The Triumphal Arch 
of the Second Church, for I find the original members, either 
themselves, their children or their grandchildren in all the 
forms of work in this church and especially in ths "Woman's 
Organzation" ! Truly, the Christian personnel and esprit de 
corp of this unusual society was indeed rare and, in resting 
from their labors, they leave to those who follow them a good- 
ly — yea, a Godly, heritage! 

"For all these saints who from their labors rest, 
Who Thee by faith before the world confessed 
Thy name, O Jesus, be forever blest. 

Thou wast their rock, their fortress and their might 
Thou, Lord, their Captain in the well-fought fight. 
Thou in the darkness drear, their light of light! 

Nova may thy soldiers, faithful, true and bold, 
Fight as these saints, who nobly fought of old. 
And win with them the victor's crown of gold." 


During all the years the separate "societies" had each worked 
for its own special cause, coming together when occasion de- 
manded larger work and always uniting with a beautiful spirit 
of co-operation. 

In Dr. J. M. Yander Mculen's pastorate, he called together 
the two active societies of Home Missions and Foreign Mis- 
sions, and, with a third which he had recently organized, the 
Pastor's Aid, formed a larger "Woman's Organization of the 
Second Presbyterian Church." To this unit, working together 
as separate "groups," was added the already well-organized 
King's Daughters' Circle, which made a fourth "group," mak- 
ing a membership of nearly two hundred. We soon included 
the Ladies' Benevolent Society, which still retains its honorary 
membership. This was early in 1913. The great honor of 
becoming the first president of this organization was given to 
Mrs. Philip F. Barbour, the granddaughter and namesake of 
Mrs. E. B. Owsley, the first president of the Ladies' Benevolent 
Society, and the daughter of Mrs. J. W. Akin, the third presi- 
dent of this society. 

Just prior to the forming of the organization, the King's 
Daughters' Circle had started (summer of 1912), in a simple 
way, the work of the Daily Vacation Bible School, carried on 
for six weeks in the Sunday school rooms. This has become 
one of the largest interests of the Auxiliary and we now claim 
the model school of the city with one of our members, Mrs. 
James R. Skillman, as chairman for the city work. For this 
educational work the church raises $500.00 each year. 

In 1920 we changed the name to the Woman's Auxiliary of 
the Second Presbyterian Church, that we might more nearly 
conform in organization to the Auxiliary which had in the 
same year (1913) been formed, outlining the women's work 
throughout the Southern Presbyterian Church. Under the 
present form we are divided into nine circles, each organized 
with its own officers, etc. In its original organization the ob- 
ject of the four groups was as follows: 

(1) The Pastor's Aid — to care for the things pertaining to 
our own church home and assist the pastor. 

(2) The King's Daughters' Group — to whom was given the 
work of our civic activities and thus become a link between 
our church and our community. 

(3) The Home Mission Group — through which we ex- 
tended our aid and interest into our city and State, Presby- 
tery and Synod. 


(4) The Foreign Mission Group — through which we sent 
out our assistance, and kept in contact with, the foreign field 
of the Lord's work. 

As our interests have grown and more needs have arisen, 
we have added other circles and the division of work has been 
somewhat changed. During the erection of the new addition 
we have worked faithfully as an Auxiliary and have come to 
a happy realization of our hopes, loving each other better for 
having a common interest which called us so constantly to- 


The following are the Auxiliary's circles, now working: 

The Foreign Missionary. 

The Home Missionary. 

The Pastor's Aid. 

The King's Daughters. 

The Westminster. 

The Girls. 

The Sewing. 

The Ladies' Benevolent (honorary), and recently added 

The Bethany Bible Class, organized in the early years of 
1900 by Martha Cecil Wilson, a granddaughter of Dr. Rob- 

The reports at the monthly meetings are most inspiring, and 
when all is summed up at the end of the year we praise God 
that we have been able to accomplish so much in His name. 
During the year 1926-1927 perhaps we may say that the big- 
gest and most constructive work of the Auxiliary was the 
employment of a trained Church Visitor for three months. 
This was done because the neighborhood surrounding Second 
Church has so largely become a rooming-house district and it 
was felt that a closer contact with some of our transient neigh- 
bors might be established through a friendliness that had had 
the experience necessary to the successful handling of such 
persons. This is a small beginning, but with God's help we 
hope it develops into a work that will show forth His love. 

One of the delightful events of the past year was sponsored 
by the Ladies' Benevolent Sewing Circle. The occasion was 
in honor of the Circle's "best loved member" — Mrs. John G. 
Cecil, who was known to many of the members as Miss Lizzie 
Robinson, daughter of the former beloved pastor, Dr. Robin- 
son. Some of the other members of this Circle are also daugh- 


ters (or granddaughters) of the original members of the 
"Ladies' Benevolent" and so they came together with a sur- 
prise kitchen-shower for Mrs. Cecil on the occasion of her re- 
turn to housekeeping after a lapse of some years. Suitable 
verses and jingles accompanied the gifts and the guest of 
honor was quite overcome by the evidences of such sincere 
affection as were expressed. 

Beginning with 1913. the periods of work of the Auxiliary 
with the following presidents may be designated as follows : 

The first two years : A period of organization. Mrs. Philip 
F. Barbour, president. 

The second period (two years) : Pre-war days. Mrs. J. 
Allen Leathers, president. 

The third period (thre'e years) : Wartime and war work. 
Mrs. W. F. Booker, Jr., president. 

The fourth period (two years) : Reconstruction days. Mrs. 
Helm Bruce, president. 

The fifth period (two years) : Ready for enlargement. Mrs. 
Embry L. Swearingen, president. 

The sixth period (two years) : The new building completed. 
Mrs. J. VanDyke Norman, president. 

In considering the last two years, we must add more than 
the accomplishment of the new building project. Indeed, of 
each period we may say that our spiritual life has increased as 
the years have gone by, but in a peculiar way we express our 
gratitude for a consciousness of increased spiritual growth 
which has come to us under the leadership of our last presi- 
dent, Mary Cecil Norman, the granddaughter of Dr. Stuart' 
Robinson. So, of a truth may we exclaim with David : "The 
Lord hath done great things for us whereof we are glad." 

Elizabeth Akin Barbour, 

For the Woman's Auxiliary of 
The Second Presbyterian 
June 1, 1927.